Surviving Of Extremely Premature Infants – Part 1 of 3
Surviving Of Extremely Premature Infants. More unusually premature US infants – those born after only 22 to 28 weeks of gestation – are surviving, a creative study finds. From 2000 to 2011, deaths among these infants from breathing complications, underdevelopment, infections and nervous system problems all declined. However, deaths from necrotizing enterocolitis, which is the deterioration of intestinal tissue, increased. And undeterred by the progress that’s been made, one in four extremely premature infants still don’t survive to leave the hospital, the researchers found.
And “Although our contemplate demonstrates that overall survival has improved in recent years among extremely premature infants, death still remains very high among this population,” said lead author Dr Ravi Mangal Patel, an subsidiary professor of pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. “Our findings underscore the continued need to identify and implement strategies to reduce potentially fatal complications of prematurity.
Ultimately, strategies to reduce extremely preterm births are needed to make a significant impact on infant mortality. Patel said the study also found that the causes of death vary substantially, depending on how many weeks prematurely an infant is born and how many days after birth the child survives. “We feel this information can be useful for clinicians as they care for extremely premature infants and counsel their families.
Patel added that infants who outlast often suffer from long-term mental development problems. “Long-term mental developmental impairment is a significant concern among extremely premature infants. Whether the improvements in survival we found in our survey were offset by changes in long-term mental developmental impairment among survivors is something that investigators are currently evaluating.