Adolescents Should Get A Vaccine Against Bacterial Meningitis – Part 3 of 3
The declines were seen not only in children given the vaccine but also in adults, suggesting a “herd immunity” effect, the scrutinize authors noted. To assess the effect of the vaccine, researchers from several universities analyzed surveillance data from 1998 to 2005 in eight states. The number of cases of the blight dropped 30 percent in that time, but the effect on the very youngest and oldest was even more pronounced: Incidence decreased by 64 percent in those younger than 2 and by 54 percent in those older than 65 view.
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Adolescents Should Get A Vaccine Against Bacterial Meningitis – Part 2 of 3
Some at the meeting wondered if it was even necessary to make such a decision. Cases of bacterial meningitis are at historic lows, and a inspection of more than 200 colleges and universities – representing more than 2 million students – in the last academic year found 11 cases of bacterial meningitis and three deaths, the AP reported.
In a hearsay release issued after the vote, the National Meningitis Association said it “supports the decision to maintain meningococcal immunization at age 11-12 and to add a booster dose to provide increased avoiding of disease among adolescents throughout their high-risk years. This is a good public health decision that will protect our children from meningococcal disease”.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, and is mostly caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The disease can result in brain damage, hearing loss or learning disabilities, according to the CDC. In January, the New England Journal of Medicine published a investigate that found that rates of pneumococcal meningitis have declined substantially since a vaccine was introduced in 2000.
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Adolescents Should Get A Vaccine Against Bacterial Meningitis – Part 1 of 3
Adolescents Should Get A Vaccine Against Bacterial Meningitis. Teenagers should get a booster photo of the vaccine that protects against bacterial meningitis, a United States health prediction has recommended. The panel made the recommendation because the vaccine appears not to last as long as previously thought. In 2007, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended that the meningitis vaccine – almost always given to college freshman – be offered to 11 and 12 year olds, the Associated Press reported. The vaccine was initially aimed at peak school and college students because bacterial meningitis is more dangerous for teens and can spread easily in crowded settings, such as dorm rooms.
At that time the panel thought the vaccine would be efficient for at least 10 years. But, information presented at the panel’s meeting Wednesday showed the vaccine is effective for less than five years. The panel then decided to recommend that teens should get a booster markswoman at 16.
Although the CDC is not bound by its advisory panels’ recommendations, the agency usually adopts them. However, a US Food and Drug Administration official, Norman Baylor, said more studies about the protection and effectiveness of a second dose of the vaccine are needed, the AP reported.
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Insulin Levels And Breast Cancer – Part 3 of 3
The mug up is interesting although she agreed that more research is needed before the results can be considered conclusive. She played no role in the study. Gunter’s earlier research also found that higher insulin levels boost tit cancer risk in postmenopausal women.
What may surprise some is the information about higher cancer risk in slender women with insulin problems, said Dr Allison DiPasquale, a fellow at City of Hope, who wasn’t concerned in the study. Future studies should look more closely at four subgroups: overweight women with and without insulin problems and normal-weight women with and without insulin problems bangla hot model xxx. Meanwhile, all three experts agreed the take-home thought for women is to eat a healthy diet and to exercise regularly, so weight and insulin levels are more likely to stay normal.
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Insulin Levels And Breast Cancer – Part 2 of 3
On the other hand, normal-weight women with metabolic abnormalities were at approximately the same raised risk of breast cancer as overweight women with metabolic abnormalities”. Gunter said this seemingly strong link between insulin and breast cancer is not a reason for women to ignore excess pounds. Being overweight or chubby does increase the chances of developing insulin problems. In his study, high fasting insulin levels doubled the risk of breast cancer, both for overweight and normal-weight women.
In addition, women who were overweight and insulin-resistant had an 84 percent greater peril of breast cancer than overweight women who weren’t insulin-resistant, he found. Other research has found that up to 10 percent of women at a tonic weight may have insulin problems. Gunter said more research is needed to explain the findings. Insulin can cause cells, including cancer cells, to grow, so that could be a factor.
Other hormones interrelated to insulin can also be higher in overweight women, and they could contribute to breast cancer risk. The overall findings are not surprising, said Dr Courtney Vito, associate clinical professor of surgical oncology at City of Hope Cancer Center in Duarte, California. “Fat is not inert. It is a metabolically efficacious organ and we’ve known this from many other studies”. There is much that experts still don’t know about fat.
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Insulin Levels And Breast Cancer – Part 1 of 3
Insulin Levels And Breast Cancer. After menopause, in poor insulin levels may predict breast cancer risk even more than excess weight, new research suggests. The callow findings suggest “that it is metabolic health, and not overweight per se, that is associated with increased risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women,” said study co-author Marc Gunter. He is an fellow professor of cancer epidemiology and prevention at Imperial College London School of Public Health in England. While high insulin levels often occur in overweight or tubby women, some very heavy women have normal levels of the hormone, experts say.
And some normal-weight females have metabolically unhealthy insulin levels. The study was published Jan. 15 in the chronicle Cancer Research. To assess insulin’s role in breast cancer risk, Gunter studied more than 3300 women without diabetes, 497 of whom developed breast cancer over eight years. He analyzed report on their weight, fasting insulin levels and insulin resistance, in which the body does not respond properly to insulin.
Insulin helps the body use digested food for energy. A body’s incapacity to produce insulin or use it properly leads to diabetes. Overweight for the study was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or more. BMI is a calculation of body fat based on height and weight. “The women who are overweight but who do not have metabolic abnormalities as assessed by insulin defiance are not at increased risk of breast cancer compared to normal-weight women.
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Cancer-Causing Formaldehyde In The E-Cigarette – Part 3 of 3
Noting that e-cigarettes remain unregulated, a representative with the American Cancer Society said these findings highlight the needfulness for the US Food and Drug Administration oversight. “This study shows how little we know about toxic exposures that can result from using any one of the many different available types of e-cigarettes at diverse heating levels,” said Eric Jacobs, the cancer society’s strategic director of pharmacoepidemiology.
In April 2014, the FDA proposed federal restrictions that would bring e-cigarettes under the same standard as tobacco. The proposed federal restrictions are still under review and no schedule has been set for adoption. “Until these things are monitored and regulated, there’s a real potential risk for unexpected exposure to toxic chemicals available neosize xl in limpopo. We at the end of the day don’t know what kind of exposure the users might get when using any particular product at any particular heating level”.
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